Here is a Precision CNC Lathe Machine Manufacturer talking about CNC machining center classification and difference.
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According to the classification of the guide rails: according to the form of the guide rails of the vertical machining center, the handrails, and the rails can be divided. Hard rails are suitable for heavy cutting, and line motion is more sensitive.
According to the speed classification: the vertical machining center spindle speed 6000-15000rpm is low-speed type, and 18000rpm is high-speed type.
According to the structure classification: According to the bed structure of the vertical machining center, it can be divided into C type and gantry type.
Vertical Machining Center
The vertical machining center refers to the machining center where the main shaft is in a vertical state. The structure is mostly a fixed column, and the work table is rectangular, without indexing back.
Turn function, suitable for processing discs, sleeves, plate parts, it generally has three linear motion axes and can be installed along the water on the workbench
A rotary table with a flat axis for machining spiral parts.
The vertical machining center is easy to install, easy to operate, easy to observe and process, easy to debug, and widely used. But by the height of the column and change
The limitation of the knife device is that it is impossible to process parts that are too high. When machining the cavity or the concave profile, the chips are not easily discharged, and in severe cases, the tool will be damaged.
Horizontal machining center
Horizontal machining center refers to the machining center with the spindle in the horizontal state. Usually, it has a rotary table with automatic indexing. It usually has 3 to 5 operations.
Dynamic coordinates, common three coordinate coordinates plus a rotary motion coordinate, the workpiece is completed after the card is installed, except for the mounting surface and the top surfaceThe processing of the remaining four surfaces is ideal for adding box-like parts.